Grading 5D Footage With FCP and Colour


Grading 5D footageDuring the Guerilla Film makers masterclass, I showed a film that  I made recently for a corporate client, a drama set at a wedding. it was shot on both 5d and 7d and the cut I screened at the class was an incomplete ungraded cut.
Yesterday I spent the day in Soho with colourist Peta Ridley as she put the footage through it’s paces in order to grade a beautiful and sumptuous film from our footage. We conformed and graded in FCP and Colour (and had a lengthy chat about evil Apple who have abandoned a whole professional community who had invested time and money into both FCP and Colour).
I was quite apprehensive as I had heard stories of how 5d footage can fall apart in a grade, but I have to say, my experience was completely the opposite.
We had very few issues with crushed blacks or clipped whites, no issue with rolling shutter or unsightly noise in shadows, and only a few shots had the dreaded herringboning effect that is common with DSLR sensors (appearing on an actors suit, and there’s not much we can do about that – see right).
So, the film now looks gorgeous, with rich and deep colours, ephemeral highlights that glow and a magical look that befits a wedding day. Well done Peta. And more to the point, well done DP Mattias Nyberg whose cinematography was pretty much bang on for every shot.
It appears that the secret to grading DSLR footage is getting it right on set so there is no need to pull extra detail out of shadows or highlights in the grade. With the H.264 compression used by these cameras there just isn’t much detail available, what you see is largely what you get, so getting the exposure right is critical.
Peta showed me some shots where, if she pushed it, I could see the horrible noise and artefacts in the shadows. If you shoot DSLR and underexpose, you can be sure that you will be fighting a losing battle in the grade and your images will start to suffer.
Another consistent issue was flesh tones being a little bit orangey.  This was worse on 7d footage, but in practical terms, it was easy to correct. Apparently this is a known issue with the Canon cameras.
As well as main unit, we also had a unit in Italy shooting 7d. It’s remarkable how much difference there was between the different cameras and units, with the Italian 7d unit looking significantly poorer. I can’t be sure but I suspect they were not using great lenses – our UK unit was shooting with top end cinema primes and the difference was startling.
We also added a little light diffusion to the highlights which generally took the sharpness and digital look out of the images, creating something more filmic. We also added a subtle darkening and defocus vignette. All very pretty and appropriate.
Overall I was impressed at how good the images looked on a large HD monitor and how well they held up under grading. But I am pretty sure that if our DP Mattias hadn’t got the exposure so consistently right, we would have faced some horrendous grading problems.

Onwards and upwards!

Chris Jones
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5 Responses to Grading 5D Footage With FCP and Colour

  1. Robin K July 13, 2011 at 10:51 am #

    There’s an FCP plugin that the developer says can fix moire on hair strands, but I don’t know about herringbone artefacts.

    Incidentally the Panasonic GH2 has much less moire generally than the Canons and also has a separate 1:1 pixel sampling mode which takes a 1920×1080 window from the centre of the sensor so no scaling or image processing is needed (that’s how the artefacts appear). This mode crops the frame but I’ve used it for a full day of shooting and at the 14mm end of the zoom it was still very useable.

  2. CHRIS H July 13, 2011 at 11:10 am #

    what a great shame that color has effectively been killed off. Apple only acquired Silicon Color’s Final Touch, a few years ago (see now with the FCPX debacle, who knows what will happen. Never mind I’m sure there is a nice pre-set grade for everything, built right into FCPX

  3. Michael Morgenstern August 24, 2011 at 4:26 pm #

    I just posted a similar example of color correction of my music video, where you can see the entire thing before and after, side by side. I did significant reframing and motion stabilization which is also visible:

    Hope you’re well Chris.

    • Chris August 24, 2011 at 9:19 pm #

      Thanks Michael – seems a long time since Rhode Island!

      • Michael Morgenstern August 24, 2011 at 9:28 pm #

        That it does, the time flies. I’ve been following you a bit over facebook, sounds like things have been interesting.

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